Chinese language is a new territory for many whose first language use an alphabetic system such as English. Instead of combining letters to form words, Chinese language uses strokes to form characters. The commonly used Chinese characters alone contain 3000 things. Not only that, Chinese is one more tonal language with four different tones, commonly marked with accent marks, proper unmarked represents the neutral tone. The accent marks are only available possess PinYin to represent the pronunciation. The word sh for instance, can have different meanings depending on its tone. The first tone sh can mean poetry or wet or teacher. The second tone sh can mean ten or time or valid. The third tone sh can mean history or to start or to cause. Last tone sh can mean yes or room or matter. In essence, couple of different methods many similar sounds with various meanings. As a question of fact, a Chinese linguist in the 20th century Zhao Yuanren composed a 10-line classical Chinese poem using only the sound shi.
Next, it isn’t always possible to guess the pronunciation of a design. The character for wood, for instance, is pronounced mu. The character for forest, could be composed of two-character for wood, is pronounced lin. Although in this example the pronunciation isn’t related, the concept the characters are able to. On the contrary, when the pronunciation can be related due to similar root character, the meanings aren’t necessarily related.
PinYin itself, although alphabetized, is not pronounced the same way as the alphabetic sounds. There are unfamiliar sounds because u with an umlaut () that sounds like a mix of I and u. Like everything unfamiliar, it can cause uncertainty and fearfulness. Thus, knowing the challenges learners face is the very step in devising effective learning strategies that directly affect their language success.
The Strategies Once Learn Chinese Characters
Prof Ko-Yin Sung of Chinese Language Study from Utah State university conducted a hunt amongst non-heritage, non-Asian Offshore learners and uncovered interesting results may be help future learners in forming an effective study blueprint. Her study revolves all through most frequently used Chinese character learning strategies and how to say hello in chinese those strategies affect the learners’ ability in understanding and producing the sound and the writing within the Chinese personas.
The study finds that among very best twenty usually used strategies, eight of them are involved in when a character is first introduced to learners. These include:
1. Repeating the character several times aloud or silently.
2. Writing the character down.
3. Noting how the character is found in context.
4. Noting the tone and associating it with pinyin.
5. Observing the character and stroke order.
6. Visualising the element.
7. Learning the explanation of the smoothness.
8. Associating the character with previously learned character.
The next six strategies are often increase learners’ understanding among the newly introduced character.
9. Converting the character into native language and finding a similar.
10. Looking in the textbook or dictionary.
11. Checking if the actual character is used early.
12. Learning how these kinds of used in conversation.
13. Using the character in sentences by mouth.
14. Asking how the could provide in sentences.
However, learning strategies commence to diminish beyond those two learning stages. There are only three strategies used in memorising newly learned avatar.
15. Saying and writing the character at the same time.
16. Saying and picturing the character in mindset.
17. Due to the sound, visualising the character shape and meaning.
And nevertheless only one strategy utilized for practising new characters.
18. Making sentences and writing them out.
And new characters are reviewed with these two strategies only.
19. Writing the characters many instances.
20. Reading over notes, example sentences and the textbook.
Of the twenty strategies mentioned above, four are simply just to be most significant in increasing learner’s skills of speaking, listening, reading, and writing of the new characters. The four strategies are:
Writing the characters down
Observing the stroke order
Making connection to a similar character
Saying and writing the character repeatedly
A research by Stice in 1987 showed that students only retained 10% of what ever learned from what they read, 26% from anything they hear, and 30% from what they see. When studying modes are combined, an essential improvement in mastering retention is noted. Learning retention jumped to 50% when seeing and hearing are combined, and even higher at 70% when students repeat the materials are generally learning, and learning retention is in the highest at 90% when students repeat the materials built learning as they quite do a product. Simply reading the characters are not enough. Learners must associate the sound with the characters, create a connection that isn’t characters to create them memorable, and practice recalling the newly learned characters.
Study shows that recalling new characters learned improves learning retention and reinforces understanding. One way to practice this will be by using an app with regard to example The Intelligent Flashcards. This specific unit flashcard app is designed for the New Practical Chinese Reader textbooks, making it convenient evaluation characters based on chapters. Just does it show stroke order animation, it one more accompanied by native speaker sound files, making this app so much more convenient that another app with regard to example Anki. With Anki, although user can add personal notes on it, the sound file is not available and should be imported through another app.
Another important learning answer to incorporate is observing the actual characters are widely used in context. This can do by observing real-life conversations to complement the textbook and audio files conversation. Is actually interesting to that pupils studied in the abovementioned research were reluctant to adopt the training strategies recommended by the instructors, such as watching Chinese TV shows or listening Chinese movies. There could be many reasons that generate this. The structure of the shows or songs usually will not appeal on the learners.
To be able to this program is quite a bit less convenient. Instances if the shows might accessed online, rarely is it subtitled in a choice of both Chinese and English which will make the shows more helpful to beginner learners in receiving the language. Also, most of this very popular Chinese Tv fall into the historical genre, which is a favourite among the Chinese, with regard to The Empress of Asia. However, the language spoken in this type of TV show is a bit more complex compared to a contemporary spoken Chinese.